A partnership firm is an organization which is formed with two or more persons to run a business with a view to earn profit. Each member of such a group is known as partner and collectively known as partnership firm. These firms are governed by the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.
Easy Formation :
Registration is not compulsory in the case of Partnership firm. It can be formed without any legal formality and expenses. Thus they are simple and economical to form and operate.
Larger Resources :
Due the more number of members the partnership firm has larger resources for the business operations as compared to sole proprietorship.
Flexibility in operation :
Due to the limited number of partners there is flexibility in the operations of business as the partners can amend any objectives or change any operations any time by mutual consent.
Better Management :
Business of a partnership firm is very well managed by all the partners as they take interest in the daily affairs of business because of the ownership, profit and controls.
Sharing of Risk :
In partnership every partner bears the risks individually as it is easier compared to sole proprietorship. In a partnership firm interest of every partner is protected against any fraud.
A partnership firm does not exist for an indefinite period of time. The death, insolvency or lunacy of a partner may lead to dissolution of the partnership firm.
Unlimited Liability :
Liability of every partner in a partnership firm is unlimited as any of the partners may be called upon to pay all the debts even from its personal properties. A single wrong decision by one partner can lead other partners in heavy losses and liabilities.
Lack of Harmony :
According partnership agreement every partner has equal rights. Some situations might occur in which one or the other partner will not agree on the same thing which will cause difference of opinion resulting mistrust and disharmony among the partners.
Limited Capital :
Due to the restriction on the maximum number of members, a limited amount of capital can be raised.
No legal status :
A partnership firm does not have a legal status like a Joint Stock Company. In a partnership firm it is not easy to transfer ownership. Consent of every partner is required in order to transfer ownership.
Minimum Requirement for Partnership Firm:
- Minimum Two Partners
- Address for Registered the Partnership Firm Registration in India
- Original Deed signed by all Partners
- Maximum partners less than 10